CO2 Now

 

What the world needs to watch

Global warming is mainly the result of CO2 levels rising in the Earth’s atmosphere. Both atmospheric CO2 and climate change are accelerating. Climate scientists say we have years, not decades, to stabilize CO2 and other greenhouse gases.

To help the world succeed, CO2Now.org makes it easy to see the most current CO2 level and what it means. So, use this site and keep an eye on CO2.  Invite others to do the same. Then we can do more to send CO2 in the right direction.

Watch CO2 now and know the score on global warming, practically in real time.

@ This Site
@mospheric Post | May 30, 2011 PDF Print E-mail

Earth's CO2 Newsletter

@mospheric Post is produced twice monthly by Pro Oxygen and distributed earthwide by CO2Now.org 


May 30, 2011
   
Year 2 | Edition 10


Subscribe
 


 

Quick Highlights

 

The Latest Climate Numbers

  *  Global temperature:  7th warmest April in 132 years

Recent Graphics, Reports & Articles

  *  97 of 100 Climate Scientists Think Humans Caused Climate Change 

  *  Blue Carbon: Using Nature to help stabilize global climate 

  *  I'm a Climate Scientist  |  A must-see video by Australian climate scientists

  *  Climate Triage and the "New Normal"  

Read more...
 
@mospheric Post | May 14 2011 PDF Print E-mail

Earth's CO2 Newsletter

@mospheric Post is produced twice monthly by Pro Oxygen and distributed earthwide by CO2Now.org 


May 14, 2011
 
Year 2 | Edition 9


Subscribe
 


In this edition of @mospheric Post . . .

Quotable Now

  *  Prince Charles hits out at climate change sceptics

The Latest Climate Numbers

Fresh data just released:
    *  Atmospheric CO2:  393.18 parts per million (ppm) in April 2011

        (This is the highest level for April in at least 2.1 million
          years -- up from 392.49 ppm in April 2010)

Exclusive CO2Now report:  
    *  Acceleration Report for Atmospheric CO2 -- current as of April 30, 2011

Visual Eyes

  *  Masdar in pictures -- The world's first zero carbon city

Climate Media

  *  CLIMATE SPOTLIGHT:  Antarctic Ozone: A game changer for climate science
  *  CLIMATE MEDIA:  41 recent articles, papers and reports from the other 6 continents

CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

  *  17 leading measurements, benchmarks and targets for Earth's global climate.  
      (CO2Now is the only website where they are kept in one place and up to date.)     

Closing Spotlight

  *  Methane Feedbacks -- articles @ Climate Progress & Nature

About @mospheric Post

Read more...
 
@mospheric Post | Apr 15 2011 PDF Print E-mail

Earth's CO2 Newsletter

@mospheric Post is produced twice monthly by Pro Oxygen and distributed earthwide by CO2Now.org 


April 15, 2011
Year 2 | Edition 8


Subscribe
 


In this edition of @mospheric Post . . .

Quotable Now

  *  David Orr:  "Be truthful and get to work."

The Latest Climate Numbers

Just released: 
    *  Global temperature data for March 2011:  13th warmest March in 132 years 

Visual Eyes

  *  Mauna Loa Science & Wonder  |  Photolog by Climate Photographer Gary Braasch

Carbon Media

  *  SPOTLIGHT 1:  New Scientific Paper on Sea Level Rise -- Survey Geophysics
  *  SPOTLIGHT 2:  Merger of Two Climate NGOs -- The New 350.org
  *  CARBON MEDIA:  89 recent articles, papers and reports from 7 continents

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

  *  17 leading measurements, benchmarks and targets for Earth's global climate.  All in one place.    

About @mospheric Post


Quotable Now

"Be truthful and get to work"  

Get the full quote at Climate Progress:  David Orr on 'Confronting Climate Collapse'

 

We continue to talk about climate destabilization as if it were an ordinary issue requiring no great vision, no unshakable resolve, no fear of the abyss.

Instead, many continue to believe that our failure to respond adequately is the result of our failure to present a positive image. We have, they assert, marinated too long in “doom and gloom.” Their advice, instead, is to be cheery, upbeat, and talk of happy things like green jobs and more economic growth, but whisper not a word about the prospects ahead or the suffering and death already happening. Perhaps that is a good strategy and there is room for honest disagreement. But “happy talk” was not the approach taken by Lincoln confronting slavery, or by Franklin Roosevelt facing the grim realities after Pearl Harbor. Nor was it Winston Churchill’s message to the British people at the height of the London blitz. Instead, in these and similar cases transformative leaders told the truth honestly, with conviction and eloquence.

I believe that the same standard should apply to us. We must have the courage to speak the truth and the vision and fortitude to chart a plausible way forward. The truth of the matter is that even in the best scenarios imaginable, we would still have a long and difficult road ahead before climate stabilizes again, hopefully within a range still hospitable to us. It is also true that we have the capability to make the transition to economies powered by sunlight and efficiency. The point is not to be gloomy or cheery, but to be truthful and get to work.

~ David Orr, author of Confronting Climate Collapse 

   

The Latest Climate Numbers

Global temperature data in this publication was released April 15, 2011 by the
NOAA National Climatic Data Center.   Data for time periods within the past year are preliminary.

Global Temperature Chart: March 2011

 

Global Temperature Synopsis


Global Surface Temperature  |  March

March 1880 - March 2011

 



March



2011 


Warmest or
Since


(Next Warmest)1880
 

 

Temperature
Anomoly 

Rank
(132 Years) 


Date 

Temperature
Anomoly
 

Global 

+0.49 °C 

13th Warmest 

March 2010

+0.78 °C  

Global Ocean 

+0.36 °C  

12th Warmest 

March 2010

+0.55 °C 

Global Land 

+0.83 °C  

12th Warmest 

March 2002 

+1.83 °C  

 

Source

NOAA NCDC  |  March 2011 Global Temperature Data & Climate Analysis 

NOAA NCDC  |  Data for global land and ocean surface temperature anomalies since 1880

 

More CO2Now Temperature Info 

CO2Now  |  Global Temperature Update 

 

Visual Eyes | @mospheric Post

Mauna Loa Science and Wonder

Photo Log by Climate Photographer Gary Braasch

Mauna Loa CO2 Vial and Starry Night

At the end of March 2011, globe-trotting climate photographer Gary Braasch paid a visit to the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii. It didn’t take long for Braasch to come away with a stunning set of images and informative commentary.  Check out his photo log at WorldViewofGlobalWarming.org.  Or, see it reposted at CO2Now.org.  It's like getting a personal tour of the world famous observatory. 

Braasch takes you to the CO2 tower where the CO2 sensors keep a constant read on atmospheric levels.  It shows the dramatic laser beam that measures aerosols and stratospheric dust 45 kilometres high in the sky.  It introduces you to Dr. John Barnes and one of the NOAA laboratories for atmospheric analysis.  

But Braasch does more than connect you with the science that happens 24-7 near the top of a 3.4-kilometre high mountaintop.  His work gives you the feeling that you are there to see it for yourself ... the Orion constallation hanging over the CO2 tower ... the cloud tops and the dramatic night-glow of the laser beams.  

Yes, Braasch photographs the important Earth monitoring work of NOAA and Scripps at the Mauna Loa Observatory.  And yet, with nature so visibly present in each image, it is easy to feel a sense of awe and wonder.    

See the Braasch Mauna Loa photolog:

April 2011 Newsletter  |  WorldViewofGlobalWarming.org
Mauna Loa Science and Wonder  |  CO2Now.org  


Carbon Media -- Spotlight

 

Spotlight 1

New Scientific Paper on Sea Level Rise

Sea-Level Rise from the Late 19th to the Early 21st Century  |  Survey in Geophysics
Sea levels are rising now and are expected to continue rising for centuries, even if greenhouse gas emissions are curbed and their atmospheric concentrations stabilised.  This scientific paper (March 2011) includes graphs for global sea level rise since 1860 and since 1990. 

A Fresh Take on Sea-Level Rise  |  NY Times Blog  
The paper confirms that the ocean has been rising in fits and starts since the 19th century. And both the tide gauges and satellites show that the rate of sea-level rise appears to have accelerated in the early 1990s, so that the ocean is now rising at about a foot per century, perhaps slightly less. That is almost twice the rate of increase that prevailed through most of the 20th century. 

Spotlight 2

Merger of Two Climate NGOs

350.org + 1Sky = New 350.org

A new 350.org is launched by merger of 1Sky and 350.org  |  350.org
Excerpt from a 350.org media release:  Both 350.org and 1Sky have been working collaboratively on a number of campaigns since both were founded. We both have similar visions for the world that we want to see, and all of our current campaigns fit into this vision. We will continue to pursue a hard-hitting agenda against corporate polluters and the climate crisis in the United States and across the planet. In fact, both organizations are excited to gain the scope possible by merging: 1Sky will now be more connected to the international climate movement and 350.org will have a much stronger domestic campaign (in the USA). We are definitely a newly merged group.  When we were in discussions about the merge we realized that the concept of ‘350’ was an important flash-point for the movement and for both of our groups. It represents our positive vision for the future, our collective mission, and our long-term goals. Both campaigns bring a lot to the table, but we decided we didn’t want to drop that important marker from our name. 

 

Carbon Media

Recent articles, papers and reports.
From around the world.
About our world.

 

Bright, Cheap Future for Solar

SunShot's $1 per Watt Goal Feasible   |  Renewable Energy World
Rapid growth in solar photovoltaics has brought installation costs within sight of $1 per watt for large projects and closer to competing with fossil fuels.

Solar scheme so successful that plug will get pulled  |  Sydney Morning Herald
The Climate Change Minister, Greg Combet, is looking for new ways to slow the runaway demand for rooftop solar systems that has put pressure on electricity prices and made it harder to sell the government's proposed carbon price.

Energy System Transformation

Governments must pay for clean-energy innovation  |  Nature
As a scientist working on energy and climate change, I was inspired by President Barack Obama's call for US researchers to put a million electric cars on the road by 2015, and to generate 80% of our electricity from carbon-neutral sources by 2035. In this journal in 1998, colleagues and I concluded that engineering projects on the scale of the Apollo moonshots might be needed to transform the world's energy system (M. I. Hoffert et al. Nature 395, 881-884; 1998). We should now be debating not whether but how to do this.

United Nations Climate

Mind the Kyoto gap  |  Climate Spectator
A standoff developed between parties who demanded a political commitment to a second Kyoto Protocol period before further talks could take place and parties who wanted to negotiate details before making that commitment. Tempers frayed.

Three major issues dominate new UN climate conference  |  GlobalPost
Once again, the United Nations has assembled world governments to stop humanity from overheating the planet. And once again, despite increasingly foreboding rhetoric, consensus on climate change appears elusive.  

Bangkok talks make little progress on closing emissions gap  |  Trust.org
As climate negotiators talk this week in Bangkok, there are no signs the gap between the amount of emissions countries have pledged to cut and what is needed to avoid temperatures rising to dangerous levels has been bridged, climate experts said.

Rapid development is the way to face climate change  |  Bernama
KUALA LUMPUR  A country's rapid economic development accompanied by their adoption of higher environmental standards can be an effective way to face climatic change, says an energy expert and former top climate negotiator for India.

China’s green blueprint raises stakes at U.N. climate talks   |  Global Issues
China’s rise as a leader in the environmentally friendly, low-carbon economy is giving the Asian giant new diplomatic muscle for this year’s round of climate change negotiations leading up to the COP17 U.N. summit in Durban, South Africa in November.

India's maverick environment minister who likes to annoy  |  TerraDaily
Since taking over the role of environment minister in 2009, India's Jairam Ramesh has given a tough new image to the ministry, which had been seen as a rubber stamp for industrial projects – and has raised India's profile on the world stage in fighting climate change.

India won't succumb to pressure for cutting greenhouse gas  |  Times of India
India on Saturday said it would not succumb to international pressure on any legally-binding commitments to reduce carbon emission and re-position itself diplomatically as a constructive problem-solver.   Environment minister Jairam Ramesh said India should negotiate from its position of strength and take a leadership role on the issue instead of being "lectured" by the West as it is "moving along a low carbon growth path".

UN climate agenda agreed, roadmap set for 2011  |  Qatar Peninsula
Rich and poor nations overcame deep divisions on Friday to cut a deal that maps out U.N. climate negotiations for 2011, building on last December's agreement in Mexico and hardening the focus on tougher issues.

Rights of Nature

Bolivia enshrines equal status for Mother Earth  |  London Guardian
Bolivia is set to pass the world's first laws granting all nature equal rights to humans. The Law of Mother Earth, now agreed by politicians and grassroots social groups, redefines the country's rich mineral deposits as "blessings" and is expected to lead to radical new conservation and social measures to reduce pollution and control industry.

Carbon Tax (Australia)

Coal seam gas: a sleight of hand?  |  ABC
The resources industry has embarked on a new push for special exemptions from a carbon tax to ease the burden on coal mining and big gas exporters. This demand is imprudent and indeed unacceptable in view of the health and environmental impacts of these industries.

Why The Carbon Tax Won't Cost Australians $800  |  New Matilda
An Australian Treasury report released under FOI laws last week predicted the carbon tax would cost households $16.60 a week.  Really? Akshay Shanker and Anna Samson look at the economic modelling used to draw this conclusion.

Climate Apps

Global Climate Apps Contest  |  ITU
Geneva, 12 April, 2011 – ITU has launched a Green ICT Application Challenge to find the best and most innovative idea for a climate change focused app. The winning concept will be awarded USD10,000, thanks to challenge sponsors Research in Motion (RIM) and Telefónica.   >> Contest Rules

Climate Books

Climate Change: Science and Solutions for Australia  |  CSIRO
This publication provides the latest scientific knowledge on a series of climate change topics relevant to Australia and the world. It draws on peer-reviewed literature contributed to by thousands of researchers. Available as a free eBook.

Climate Change Denial: Heads in the Sand  |  CSIRO
This book shows how we can break through denial, accept reality, and thus solve the climate crisis. The authors examine the nature of climate change denial, its history, how we let denial prosper, and how we can roll back denial. It summarises the climate science and explains uncertainty and probability. It also explains the social science behind denial.

Climate Change Denial contains a detailed examination of the principal climate change denial arguments, from attacks on the integrity of scientists, to impossible expectations of proof and certainty to the cherry picking of data.

Climate change can be solved – but only when we cease to deny that it exists. It will engage scientists, university students, climate change activists as well as the general public seeking to roll back denial and act.

Challenging Climate Claims

What motivates a climate skeptic?   |  DeSmogBlog
Hoffman is an “organizational theorist” who studied the “culture and discourse” of climate skeptics.  This involved attending their conferences and events.  He describes some of the preliminary results in a recent paper in Strategic Organization. As a result, Hoffman argues that three themes are dominant in the movement:

1. Stealth Attack on Personal Freedom.

2. Free Marketeers.

3. Distrust of Peer Review.

It’s all about distrusting some kind of power associated with the government, while very much trusting other kinds of power that are unregulated.  In other words, it’s about how society—not the atmosphere—is organized.

More Green Energy

A tipping point for green energy   |  MarketPlace
Economic reasons - rather than social ones - are driving companies toward greener energy.

Can energy leaders learn from Manhattan & Apollo projects?  |  Live Science
One national effort by scientists and engineers unlocked the power of nuclear energy by splitting the atom. Another landed the first man on the moon. Now the White House hopes to channel the same can-do spirit of the Manhattan and Apollo projects into clean energy technologies.

New energy sector eyeing development   |  China Daily
Fu Pengcheng, a Chinese biofuel expert at the China University of Petroleum, is developing new biological fuels. And China's major airlines are now looking to his research to trim their flights' carbon emissions.

G.E. plans to build largest solar panel plant in U.S.  |  NY Times
In a move that could shake up the American solar industry, General Electric plans to announce on Thursday that it will build the nation’s largest photovoltaic panel factory, with the goal of becoming a major player in the market.

Resistance to Germany's renewable energy plans  |  Der Spiegel
The German government plans to replace nuclear reactors with thousands of wind turbines and thousands of kilometers of high-voltage "monster masts" in a move that will deface vast swathes of territory. Germans, though desperate to phase out atomic energy, are gearing up to protest against the green revolution.

Solar scheme so successful that the plug will be pulled  |  Sydney Morning Herald
The Climate Change Minister, Greg Combet, is looking for new ways to slow the runaway demand for rooftop solar systems that has put pressure on electricity prices, and made it harder to sell the government's proposed carbon price.

Surging renewable sector pulls even with nuclear power in U.S.   |  Daily Climate
Declining nuclear power and a strengthening renewable fuels sector have left the two energy sources neck-and-neck for their share of U.S. energy production, according to the most recent figures from the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

Renewables & nuclear each produce about 11% of US energy  |  Climate Progress
In 2010, all forms of renewable energy provided 8.2 quadrillion BTUs of primary energy production in the United States, a little less than 11% of our total production of 74.9 quads.  At the same time, nuclear power provided 8.4 quads, a little more than 11% of the total.

Greening Communities

Tidy St: Shining a light on community energy efficiency  |  London Guardian
The old adage that you can't manage what you don't measure is particularly pertinent when it comes to household energy use, which soared by 13.4% in 2010. Enter Tidy Street in Brighton. Residents who volunteered for a new energy-saving initiative have been given electricity meters so they can monitor their daily energy use, and identify which devices are using the most power, and when.

Olympian upgrade for “English” brand with low-carbon business park  |  NY Times
An area of rusting factories and poverty-blighted communities in England is trying to rebrand itself as a sustainable business hub where companies from around the world can plug into abundant renewable energy and gain easy access to markets in the United Kingdom and the European Union.

Oregon cowboy town promotes solar energy  |  Forbes
A cowboy grasping the reins of a bucking bronco has long been the image of Pendleton, and of the city's colorful past, when pioneers on the Oregon Trail settled the prairie. Today, solar panels might just outnumber cowboys.

CO2 Literacy

Teaching sustainability has benefits for big business   |  Miller-McCune
Bill Thomas used to be a climate change skeptic, not believing that humans could have influenced the dramatic atmospheric shift, but two weeks in the woods — and chats with scientists — changed his mind.

California group plugs climate science gap in USA schools  |  Solve Climate
"[It's the] Superbowl experience of climate," Matt Stewart, ACE's head of marketing, told SolveClimate News. "We try to present something that stands out and energizes [students] around science, and to find creative ways to solve [climate change]."

Climate Fun

Graphic:  Risks and impacts of increasing beer temperature  |  Real Climate
If we can pay as much attention to the Earth as we do to our beer, we probably wouldn’t need to worry about global warming.  The “warm beer chart” design is by S. Han, loosely based on IPCC (2007), courtesy of the “Artist as Citizen” initiative. (Full size pdf version)

Climate Haze

Marijuana causes global warming, uses 1% of US electricity  |  SF Business Times
People growing marijuana indoors use 1 percent of the U.S. electricity supply, and they create 17 million metric tons of carbon dioxide every year (not counting the smoke exhaled) according to a report by Evan Mills, an energy analyst at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Pot growers inhale 1% of US electricity, exhale GHGs of 3M cars  |  NY Times
Indoor marijuana cultivation consumes enough electricity to power 2 million average-sized U.S. homes, and the resulting contribution to greenhouse gas emissions equals about 3 million cars on the road, according to a new study.

Cold Feet in Canada

British Columbia, Ontario hinder California green plan  |  Toronto Globe & Mail
British Columbia and Ontario have thrown a wrench into a plan spearheaded by California to launch a cross-border greenhouse-gas emissions reduction scheme next January.

PaleoClimate

Ancient fossils hold clues for predicting future climate  FARS News, Iran
By studying fossilized mollusks from some 3.5 million years ago, geoscientists have been able to construct an ancient climate record that holds clues about the long-term effects of Earth's current levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide, a key contributor to global climate change.

PaleoFuel 

Debate stirred over 1st major US tar sands mine  |  AJC Atlanta
Beneath the lush, green hills of eastern Utah's Uinta Basin, where elk, bear and bison outnumber people, the soil is saturated with a sticky tar that may soon provide a new domestic source of petroleum for the United States.

Carbon Sequestration

Political, financial failings strand key US carbon sequestration plant  |  Solve Climate
The coal industry is banking on America's first commercial-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project, set to be built in West Virginia, to jump-start commercialization of the technology and make it more affordable.  But the failure of Congress last year to legislate a carbon cap on power plants has left a hole in financing for the nation's first CCS plant in West Virginia

Gas Fracking

Fracking" Shale Gas Emissions Far Worse Than Coal  |  DeSmogBlog
A groundbreaking report from Cornell University researchers confirms that shale gas recovered through high volume hydraulic fracturing, or “fracking,” will produce more greenhouse gases than the burning of coal in the next two decades - a critical window in which society must reduce emissions to combat climate change. The Cornell study makes clear that the widely-held perception that gas is the "cleaner" darling of the fossil fuel trio is a myth. With total methane emissions factored in, shale gas turns out to have the greatest climate impact of all the fossil fuels.

>> Read the Cornell Study:  Methane and GHG footprint of shale gas[PDF]

Serena Connor (Arlington, USA) recommended these reports for @mospheric Post.

Cornell study: fracked gas warms globe at least as much as coal  |  The Hill
Cornell University professors will soon publish research that concludes natural gas produced with a drilling method called “hydraulic fracturing” contributes to global warming as much as coal, or even more.

New study questions shale gas as a bridge fuel  |  Climate Progress
Leakage of methane from fracking boosts shale gas global warming impact; National Academy review is warranted.

More questions on whether gas is cleaner than coal   |  ProPublica
One of the main advantages of natural gas is that it is supposed to be far cleaner than oil or coal. But evidence continues to mount that natural gas is not as clean as we like to think.

Some natural gas threatens climate more than coal   |  Wall Street Journal
Extracting natural gas from shale formations using hydraulic fracturing generates more greenhouse-gas emissions than burning coal, according to a new study that drew immediate attacks from oil and gas interests.

Meet the families whose lives have been ruined by gas drilling  |  London Guardian
AlterNet: Families in Pennsylvania explain how the dash for gas in the US is affecting their way of life

A new Pickens plan: good for the U.S. or just for T. Boone?   |  Yale e360
Three years ago, with a flurry of national publicity, billionaire Texas oilman T. Boone Pickens outlined his vision of how to help wean the U.S. off imported oil. Now, however, Pickens and his plan are back, although the Texan’s new version is a good deal less green.

Natural gas is mostly methane  |  Climate Progress
I’ve been working in the energy arena for over two decades and sometimes forget to lead with the basics.  Shale gas is “natural gas produced from shale.”  Wikipedia notes “Methane is the major component of natural gas, about 87% by volume” though other sources typically give a range of around 70% to 90%.  Most of the rest of nat gas is ethane, propane and/0r butane.  The stuff that gets to your home “is almost pure methane.”

Gas Flaring

Gas flaring remains 2% of global CO2 energy emissions  |  Climate Progress

We’ve all seen it, at least in pictures: the tall smokestacks dotting producing oil fields, spewing fingers of flame into the air.  It’s known as associated gas flaring, and if it seems economically wasteful and environmentally nuts, well it is.

Social Climate Action

Facebook shares green data center technology  |  BBC
Facebook has announced that it will share the design secrets behind its new energy-efficient data center with rival companies. The social network's facility in Prineville, Oregon is said to use 38 percent less power than existing centers.

Sexy Climate Action

Marks and Spencer launches world's first carbon-neutral bra  |  Business Green
The retailer today launched the carbon-neutral bra as part of its Autograph Leaves lingerie collection, unveiling four styles of bra, three knickers and a set of suspenders, all of which have been independently footprinted by the Carbon Trust.

Down-to-Earth Climate Action

Aberaeron farmer hails solar power 'success'  |  BBC
A farm in Ceredigion has become one of Wales' first carbon neutral farms, generating its own electricity from solar power.

Spying on Climate Solvers

US Chamber of Commerce plans revealed for combating its critics  |  ThinkProgress
In February, ThinkProgress broke a story revealing that attorneys for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce had communicated with a set of military contractors — HBGary Federal, Palantir, and Berico Technologies — to develop tactics for sabotaging and spying on the Chamber’s progressive critics.   The proposals details efforts to steal private computer information, spy on the families of the Chamber’s critics, and plant false documents within organizations opposed to the Chamber’s agenda.     ThinkProgress has uncovered yet another presentation from one of the private security firms describing plans for the Chamber.   >>Related article at Climate Progress

Enviro Bill Killers

Koch’s web of influence  |  Center for Public Integrity
Koch Inc. spends tens of millions of dollars to lobby Congress and federal agencies on issues ranging from dioxin and security at chemical plants to oil and gas and the estate tax. Koch spent $20 million on lobbying in Washington in 2008. Then the Kochs spent another $20.5 million over the next two years seeking to mold, gut or kill more than 100 prospective bills or regulations.

Unethical Biofuels

Biofuels transport targets are unethical, inquiry finds  |  London Guardian
The legal requirement to put biofuels in petrol and diesel sold in the UK and Europe is unethical because their production violates human rights and damages the environment, a major new inquiry has concluded.

Climate CSR

Bloomberg's push for corporate sustainability  |  Fast Company
Ravenel, launched an initiative to green the company's operations in 2006. He found himself perusing corporate sustainability reports, released by many firms not just to brand themselves as "green" but also to cater to socially responsible investors. A lightbulb went off.

High Opportunity Future

Next big opportunity: Electric vehicle charging infrastructure  |  Fast Company
Looking for a way to angle into the burgeoning electric vehicle business? Forget cars - investing in the charging infrastructure is the way to go.

Climate Brainstorm

Audacious new theory challenges "Peak Oil": Hydrocarbons forever  |  Fortune
What if scientists could transform coal-fired power plants from giant carbon dioxide emitters into giant carbon sinks? Some say that they can, and will.

Climate Change and Crazy Weather

Crazy Weather and Climate: Do Dots Connect?  |  Miller McCune
Meteorologist Kevin Trenberth examines the world’s recently wacky weather and whether it’s a sign of climate change or just routine variability.

Climate Consequences

UN sees food as climate indicator  |  UPI
Food security is a key indicator of how vulnerable societies are to the effects of climate change, a scientist at the United Nations said from Rome.

Glaciers in Chile melt at fastest rate in 350 years  |  BBC
Melting mountain glaciers are making sea levels rise faster now than at any time in the last 350 years and have lost volume on average 10 times to 100 times faster in the last 30 years, according to new research.

Arctic freshwater to cause unpredictable climate changes  |  London Guardian
A vast expanse of freshwater in the midst of the Arctic Ocean is set to wreak unpredictable changes on the climate in Europe and North America, new scientific analysis has shown.

North Pole Melting

New warning on Arctic sea ice melt  |  BBC
Scientists who predicted a few years ago that Arctic summers could be ice-free by 2013 now say summer sea ice will probably be gone in this decade.

Adaptation

Bangladesh communities show climate adaptation  |  London Guardian
While the world warms and negotiators representing nearly 200 governments gather this week in flood-stricken Thailand to argue over what to do about it, some of the world's poorest communities are already developing practical ways to adapt to the impacts of global climate change.

Sea Level Adaptation

Report:  Managed Retreat of Coastal Communities  |  CSIRO
January 2011: The CSIRO paper explores community reactions to a hypothetical managed retreat scheme (COR-conditional occupancy rights) that requires residents to forfeit their land to make way for an ecological barrier when sea level rise (SLR) reaches a designated point.

Suisun rejects 'policy of retreat'   |  Vacaville Reporter, California
The Suisun City Council unanimously passed a resolution last week opposing a "policy of retreat" from existing urban areas in the face of projected climate change.

Suisun City community leaders are calling on the Bay Area to commit itself to protecting bayside communities against rising sea waters and reject a push by single-issue environmental advocates to have the region retreat and surrender in the face of climate change-induced sea-level rise.

Sea rising 'at upper end of forecast'  |  The Australian
Sea levels are rising close to the upper end of predictions made in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's landmark 2007 report. Climate scientist John Church, who is writing the chapter on sea level rises for the IPCC's 2013 update, said the world's oceans were on track to rise by between 60cm and 80cm by 2100.

New York set to be big loser as sea levels rise  |   BBC
New York is a major loser and Reykjavik a winner from new forecasts of sea level rise in different region

Ice melt a weighty problem: expert  |  Australian ABC News
Melting ice sheets could cause a redistribution of the world's gravitational field causing higher than expected rises in sea level for some parts of the world, according to a senior Australian scientist.

NZ research gives insight on sea level rises   |  FOK! News
New Zealand-led research on ice shelves in Antarctica will provide international scientists important information about future sea level rises, says National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research.

Hot Pink Climate

Hot pink climate no laughing matter  |  Climate Code Red
Do climate scientists have a sense of humour? In the case of James Hansen, head of the Goddard Institute for Space Science (GISS) at NASA, and perhaps the world’s best known climate researcher, the answer appears to be yes. Hansen’s team regularly publish global maps of temperature changes, and in the most recent the warming in the Arctic was sufficient to run off the existing colour-graded scale. Needing to add a tone, their choice of colour was hot pink.

Extreme warming forces pinking on temperature map  |  Climate Progress
“The year 2010 now has the most national extreme heat records for a single year–nineteen. These nations comprise 20% of the total land area of Earth. This is the largest area of Earth’s surface to experience all-time record high temperatures in any single year in the historical record.”  NASA may have added pink to their maps, but the climate situation has been code-red for a while.

Black Swan Musings

Is global warming a black swan?   |  Climate Progress
One of the defining characteristics of humans is our ability to ignore or downplay facts that would shatter or overturn our world view.  At the same time, we tend to favor or selectively recall information that confirms our preconceptions, which is called “confirmation bias.”

Is Japan’s Nuclear Crisis a black swan?  |  Visual  Essay by  Franke James
“If we excuse the crisis in Japan as a Black Swan, we miss the opportunity to prepare ourselves for a nuclear crisis here at home.   Just last week there was a leak of radioactive water at Pickering, which was covered by the CBC, but got little attention from the public.”  ~ Franke James (who lives in Canada -- near the Pickering Nuclear Power Station)

Nuclear Energy in Crisis

Analysis: German nuclear U-turn means jump in emissions  |  London Telegraph
Germany's nuclear policy U-turn leaves it little choice other than to rely more heavily on coal power, and that could boost its annual carbon emissions by as much as 10 percent.

German nuclear companies stop eco-fund contributions  |  Der Spiegel
Chancellor Angela Merkel's about-face on atomic energy policy is getting expensive. Four companies which operate nuclear reactors in Germany have ceased paying into a fund meant to promote renewable energies – even as the eco-revolution is to be accelerated.

Escalation in nuclear reactor investment costs  |  Climate Progress
Drawing on largely unknown public records, the paper reveals for the first time both absolute as well as yearly and specific reactor costs and their evolution over time. Its most significant finding is that even this most successful nuclear scale-up was characterized by a substantial escalation of real-term construction costs.

Fukushima and the Future of Nuclear Power  |  Green Cross
Excerpt:  “GCI believes that in order to exit the vicious circle of "poverty versus safe environment" the world must accelerate the transition to energy efficiency and renewables to bring about enormous economic, social and environmental benefits.”

Caldicott: How nuclear apologists mislead the world over radiation  |  London Guardian
George Monbiot and others at best misinform and at worst distort evidence of the dangers of atomic energy

Nuclear alert level rises   |  NY Times
The government announced that it had raised its rating of the severity of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station to 7, the worst on an international scale, from 5. Officials said that the reactor had released one-tenth as much radioactive material as the Chernobyl accident in 1986, but still qualified as a 7 according to a complex formula devised by the International Atomic Energy Agency.

Fukushima Level 7 Rating  |  Energy Collective
The manual for the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale (INES) is clear this rating scheme is not an exact science:  "It is not appropriate to use INES to compare safety performance between… countries".   At "Level 2 and above", INES warns, "the statistically small number of such events" makes it difficult to compare meaningfully.   A rating system of events you can't use to compare events with seems useless, or at least it might seem so to the uninitiated.  Everyone wants to use this INES scheme to compare Fukushima and Chernobyl.  To do that we need to look at the details of the calculation.   

Avoiding Nuclear Safety  |  Energy Collective
The real question about nuclear safety is not "can nuclear accidents be avoided," but "do we want to do whatever is required to avoid nuclear accidents." As it turns out avoiding and mitigating nuclear accidents is not terribly expensive, nor does it make nuclear power impractical, but does require the nuclear industry to change the way it does business. The current nuclear safety philosophy centers on what is called "Defense in Depth." "Defense in Depth:"

Japan's nuclear crisis casts doubt over carbon goals  |  Taipei Times
Japan's protracted nuclear safety crisis has begun to cast doubts over its pledge of ambitious carbon emission cuts by the end of the decade, which would rely heavily on plans to boost nuclear power generation.

Is there a climate doctor in the house?

Doctors urged to take climate leadership role   |  London Guardian
Doctors must take a leading role in highlighting the dangers of climate change, which will lead to conflict, disease and ill-health, and which threatens global security, according to a stark warning from an unusual alliance of physicians and military leaders.

AMA: Climate change is affecting the health of patients   |  Climate Progress
Scientific evidence shows that the world’s climate is changing and that the results have public health consequences. The American Medical Association is working to ensure that physicians and others in health care understand the rise in climate-related illnesses and injuries so they can prepare and respond to them. The Association also is promoting environmentally responsible practices that would reduce waste and energy consumption.

Carbon emissions linked to Europe's hay fever rise  |  BBC 
Carbon dioxide emissions may be raising pollen counts in European cities, according to a continent-wide study. Researchers from 13 EU nations analysed pollen levels for more than 20 species of tree and plant and found that many, including several that cause allergies such as hay fever, correlated with rising CO2 levels.

Urban Climate

World's cities unprepared for climate change   |  Live Science
Cities – home to half the world's population – face potentially dire consequences from climate change. However, they often fall short when it comes to addressing the issue, according to an analysis of urban policies.

Ocean Carbon Sinks

Vanishing mangroves are carbon sequestration powerhouses  |  Mongabay
Mangroves may be the world's most carbon rich forests, according to a new study in Nature Geoscience. Measuring the carbon stored in 25 mangrove forests in the Indo-Pacific region, researchers found that mangroves forests stored up to four times as much carbon as other tropical forests, including rainforests.

Two of the Earth’s Ocean Carbon Sinks Shrinking   |  Solve Climate
It is well known that deforestation is shrinking the carbon storage capacity of tropical forests, one of the world's great land-based carbon sinks.  Now a pair of studies confirms that two key marine CO2 stores — mangroves and kelp forests — are also in peril from human activity.

Antarctica

Penguins suffer as Antarctic krill declines  |  NY Times
A number of penguin species found in western Antarctica are declining as a result of a fall in the availability of krill, a study has suggested.  Researchers, examining 30 years of data, said chinstrap and Adelie penguin numbers had been falling since 1986.   The findings appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Climate Life Boat

Ireland climate victims' 'lifeboat'  |  Dublin Herald
Ireland will act like a lifeboat for people fleeing drought, rising seas and destructive weather in decades to come, a leading climate change expert has warned.  

 

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

An updated, full edition is available at: The CO2Now Climate Sheet.     

The following data and targets are current as of  April 15, 2011:

0 tonnes

CO2 Emissions Target

Global CO2 emissions for long-term stabilization of atmospheric CO2

“Stabilizing atmospheric CO2 and climate requires that
net CO2 emissions approach zero”                    

 

 0 w/m 2
watts per square meter

CO2 Emissions Target

Global energy balance  & the end of global warming

“Stabilizing climate requires, to first order, that we restore Earth’s energy balance.
If the planet once again radiates as much energy to space as it absorbs from the sun,
there no longer will be a drive causing the planet to get warmer.” 

 

 0.25 - 0.75 w/m 2

Global energy imbalance from rising atmospheric CO2  |  1750 - 2000

 

2.00 ppm per year
parts per million

Atmospheric CO2  |  Average Annual Rise  |  March 2002 - 2011

March Data Only   The rate of increase for the latest decade is higher than any decade since the start of the atmospheric CO2 instrument record in March 1958.   

 8.07 pH

Ocean Acidification:  Average pH of Surface Oceans  |  2005

Average pH of surface oceans has declined about 0.1 units since before the industrial revolution.  This is an increase of about 30% in the concentration of hydrogen ions which is a considerable acidification of the oceans. 

“…world leaders should take account of the impact of CO2 on ocean chemistry,
as well as on climate change…we recommend that all possible approaches
be considered to prevent CO2 reaching the atmosphere.”

 12.7 °C

100-Year Average Global Surface Temperature  |  March 1901 - 2000

 13.2 °C

Average Global Surface Temperature  |  March 2011

March 2011 is the 13th warmest March on record (since 1880).  March 2010 is the warmest on record.  

Preliminary data posted April 15, 2011 by NOAA-NCDC.  

 172 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Lowest level in 2.1 million years

 194 countries

Target of Most National Governments

Signatories to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

The United Nation's ultimate climate objective “is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.” 

 280 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Pre-Industrial Revolution

Atmospheric CO2 was stable at about 280 ppm for almost 10,000 years until 1750.

 300 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Highest level in at least 2.1 million years (pre-industrial)

Circa 1912, atmospheric CO2 levels breached the 300 ppm threshold for the first time in at least 2.1 million years.

 350 ppm

Atmospheric CO2 Target for Humanity

Atmospheric CO2  |  Upper Safety Limit

“If humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed and to which life on Earth is adapted, paleoclimate evidence and ongoing climate change suggest that CO2 will need to be reduced from its current 385 ppm to at most 350 ppm, but likely less than that… If the present overshoot of this target CO2 is not brief, there is a possibility of seeding irreversible catastrophic effects.”

 391.01 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  March 2010  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Data posted by NOAA-ESRL as of April 6, 2011.

392.40 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  March 2011  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Preliminary data reported April 6, 2011 by NOAA-ESRL

805 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Projection for Year 2100

This scientific projection, based on an analysis on March 4, 2011, accounts for the voluntary emissions reductions pledges of parties to the UNFCCC since the Copenhagen climate talks.  The projected CO2 level represents a global temperature increase of about 4 °C.  

6,909,318,762

World Population | April 1, 2011

More than 6.9 billion people are living on planet Earth. If humanity is to achieve a stabilization of atmospheric CO2 at safe levels, this is roughly the number of people who will need to be aligned with net CO2 emissions that approach zero. (See “0 tonnes” in The Climate Sheet.)

30.8 billion
metric tonnes

Humanity's Global CO2 Emissions  |  2009

2009 global CO2 emissions were the second highest in human history.   Global fossil fuel emissions – more than 88% of all carbon emissions – are projected to increase by more than 3% in 2010.   In the past decade, 47% of CO2 emissions accumulated in the atmosphere, 27% were absorbed by land and 26% were absorbed by the ocean.  The 2009 data was published November 21, 2010


See the Full Edition of The CO2Now Climate Sheet

  

About @mospheric Post

@mospheric Post is an independent, volunteer-driven publication that is produced in Canada by Pro Oxygen, the maker of CO2Now.org. Pro Oxygen distributes @mospheric Post as a free information service for the advancement of climate literacy . . . starting with awareness of atmospheric CO2 and what it means.

Twice a month, @mospheric Post delivers the global numbers earthwide – straight from the atmosphere and virtually in real time. It also gives you access to the latest targets, reports and stories about our world, from around the world. Consider it your online source for getting the straight goods and the big picture on humanity's main environmental challenges.

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@mospheric Post | Apr 7 2011 PDF Print E-mail

Earth's CO2 Newsletter

@mospheric Post is produced twice monthly by Pro Oxygen and distributed earthwide by CO2Now.org 


April 7, 2011
   
Year 2 | Edition 7


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In this edition of @mospheric Post . . .

Quotable Now

  *  Google.org sees gap between climate literacy and climate policy

The Latest Climate Numbers

Fresh data just released for March 2011:
    *  Atmospheric CO2:  392.40 ppm -- the highest level for March in at least 2.1 million years

Exclusive CO2Now report:  
    *  Accelerating rise of atmospheric CO2:  2.00 ppm per year (March 2002 - March 2011)

Carbon Media

  *  SPOTLIGHT:  Fresh, Intelligent Climate Forums -- Nature, RealClimate.org & Climate Progress  
  *  PLUS:  103 recent articles, papers and reports from 6 continents.

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

  *  17 leading measurements, benchmarks and targets for Earth's global climate.  All in one place.    

About @mospheric Post


Quotable Now

Google.org sees gap between climate literacy and climate policy

March 2011


"We are seeing very clearly with climate change that our policy choices are currently
not grounded in knowledge and understanding."

~ Paul Higgins, Google fellow and Associate Policy Director for the the American Meteorological Society.


THE STORY:  Google Takes on Climate Skeptics with New Technology Effort  |  Solve Climate
Climate change skeptics who have created a political megaphone in Washington may finally meet their match in the world's largest search engine.  Google.org, the technology giant's philanthropic arm, has hand-picked a team of 21 fellows working in climate research to improve the way the science of global warming is communicated to the public and lawmakers through new media.

The Most Current Data on Earth

Atmospheric CO2 data in this publication was released April 6, 2011 by the  National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.  Data for periods within the last year are preliminary.

 

Monthly Data for Atmospheric CO2

 

Month

Atmospheric CO2
parts per million

March 2011 

392.40 ppm

March 2010

391.01 ppm

March 2009

388.76 ppm

March 1987

349.54 ppm
(the last March with CO2 < 350 ppm)

March 1961

318.54 ppm
(50 years ago)

 

Accelerating Rise of Atmospheric CO2 


Decade

March data only


Average Annual Increase* | Atmospheric CO2
parts per million

2002-2011

2.00 ppm per year 

1992-2001

1.54 ppm per year

1982-1991

1.54 ppm per year

1972-1981

1.44 ppm per year

1962-1971

0.86 ppm per year

* Rates of change are calculated with Mauna Loa CO2 data released by NOAA-ESRL and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. 

 

CO2 Data Source

Via CO2Now  |  Monthly & Annual CO2 Data from NOAA-ESRL & Scripps

 


Carbon Media -- Spotlight

  

Fresh, Intelligent Climate Forums

Some of the world's best sources for climate deepen, broaden our climate conversations.

Journal launch: Welcome Nature Climate Change  |  Nature
Nature Climate Change, launched this week, is something of a distinct venture. Climate change is a phenomenon that is relevant, in principle, to all research disciplines. This journal focuses as much on the impacts of climate change as on its origins and mechanisms. And for the first time within the Nature-branded stable, the journal is explicitly set up to include the social sciences within its remit, with a trained social scientist on its staff, and a panel of social-science advisers to help us to penetrate territory that lies beyond our traditional zones of engagement.  [CO2Now Note:  This new journal provides a broad range of science perspectives on climate change.  Check out the first digital edition published April 2011.]

Isaac Held & other blogging climate scientists  |  RealClimate
The newest arrival in the climate science blogosphere is Isaac Held. This is notable in a number of respects. First, Isaac is a top-tier climate scientist who is hugely respected in the community. For him to decide that it is worth his time to blog on the science should be an important signal for other scientists. Secondly, Isaac is a federal NOAA employee at GFDL in Princeton, and the blog is on the official GFDL website. (Note that RealClimate has a standing invitation to all working climate scientists to submit guest posts on science-related topics – so don’t be shy now!)

What would you like to know about clean energy?   |  Climate Progress
Joe Romm of Climate Progress writes:  In a few weeks, ClimateProgress will bring on a new blogger/journalist who knows a lot about clean energy.  I haven’t covered clean energy quite as much as I had originally intended, given the urgent need to cover climate science, the climate debate and DC climate politics, the media coverage, the BP spill, and the like.  ClimateProgress has covered clean energy policy very extensively — and covered the big picture subject of clean energy solutions broadly, particularly laying out the “solution” to global warming and its cost:

  1. The full global warming solution: How the world can stabilize at 350 to 450 ppm
  2. An introduction to the core climate solutions
  3. Introduction to climate economics: Why even strong climate action has such a low total cost

Now  it’s time to really explore where we are in, say, PV or algae or cogeneration, and just what it would take to achieve wedge-like deployment scale-ups by mid-century.  That means  looking hard at all the plausible technologies and what strategies have worked — and haven’t — here and around the globe.  It also means trying to understand whether some of the “boutique” technologies, like ocean energy,  can really be scaled up affordably.

So I ask, what would you like to read about in the area of clean energy?  And what do you think people ought to know about clean energy that they don’t?   (Log your views at the Climate Progress blog.) 

Related CP article (added April 9): What investigative reporting would you like to see?

 

Carbon Media

Recent articles, papers and reports.
From around the world.
About our world.

 

Climate Collaboration

Lights off as 'Earth Hour' circles the globe   |  Kuwait Times
Hundreds of landmark buildings and millions of ordinary homes were switching off their lights Saturday as the annual "Earth Hour" moved around the globe in what was dubbed the world’s largest voluntary action for the environment.

Climate Consequences

Study links longer allergy season to climate change  |  InForum North Dakota 
 Allergy sufferers are suffering a bit longer each year in the Red River Valley due to climate change, according to a new study by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, which tracked weather and pollen data from 1995 to 2009 at 10 sites across central North America.

Climate Talks

UN talks aim to thrash out tough details on climate  |  Sydney Morning Herald
The first UN climate talks of the year in Bangkok this week look to hammer out tough details of a global pact that has offered hope in the fight against global warming.

Geo-Engineering

Tweaking the climate to save it: Who decides?  |  Business Week
In three intense days cloistered behind Chicheley Hall's old brick walls, four dozen thinkers pondered the planet's fate as it grows warmer, weighed the idea of reflecting the sun to cool the atmosphere and debated the question of who would make the decision to interfere with nature to try to save the planet. The unknown risks of "geoengineering" -- in this case, tweaking Earth's climate by dimming the skies -- left many uneasy.

Natural Gas

Drilling down on natural gas potential and peril of fracking  |  Climate Progress

A widely used oil-and-gas drilling technique, hydraulic fracturing, is spreading rapidly to develop vast reserves of natural gas trapped in deep underground shale formations. Hydraulic fracking, however, is coming under more rigorous oversight by the press and state and federal agencies because of its contribution to air and water pollution. 

Could shale gas power the world?   |  Time
Until recently, natural gas was the forgotten stepsister of fuels. Now if its boosters are to be believed, gas will change geopolitics, save the lives of thousands of people who would otherwise die from mining coal or breathing its filthy residue, and make it a little easier to handle the challenges of climate change.

Hold planes at the gate to cut greenhouse gases  |  New Scientist

The researchers found that by holding planes at their gates for an average of 4 minutes and 18 seconds, congestion on busy runways at Boston Logan International Airport diminished. This allowed planes to depart more efficiently: taxiing time dropped by 20 per cent and fuel use decreased by 75 litres per plane.

Renewable Energy

Fossil fuels will run out of gas when the solar revolution arrives  |  The Age
It's a sure bet that solar photovoltaics will achieve retail electricity price parity within a few years. When that happens, it will signal the end of the game for fossil fuel baseload power.

Busting the renewables price myth  |  Climate Spectator

Australia’s near hysterical obsession with electricity costs has led to some alarmist predictions – from people who should know better – about the impact on consumers if a carbon price was added to cost of policies favouring renewable energy; such as the renewable energy target and feed-in tariffs.

Climate change survey reveals divided Australia  |  ABC Lateline
A new survey by the CSIRO shows Australians are equally divided on whether to accept or reject the scientific evidence for human-induced global warming.

100% renewable energy by 2050 is possible. Here's how.   |  Fast Company
Energy consulting firm Ecofys produced a report detailing how we can meet nearly 100% of global energy needs with renewable sources by 2050. Approximately half of the goal is met through increased energy efficiency and the other half is achieved by switching to renewable energy sources.

Harper pledges to support major $6.2 billion hydroelectric project  |  Toronto Star
Conservative Leader Stephen Harper hopes to surf a wave of Newfoundland nationalism and support for “green” energy towards a majority, pledging controversial federal financing for a $6.2 billion mega hydro project in Labrador that could cost votes in Quebec.

Climate Communications + Climate Strategy

Balancing a hot debate  |  ABC TV Media Watch
This week, we're going to look at a fascinating and rather disturbing phenomenon: the way a large number of commercial talkback radio presenters deal with the contentious topic of climate change.

The Long View: climate change and the search for balanced reporting  |  Crikey
These days anybody can publish, spreading news and opinion to the world. Meanwhile, holed up in the remaining nooks, crannies and shelters of mainstream media, journalists adhere to their traditional credo: that what they publish should be balanced. 

Climate change action is the Right thing  |  The Australian
Conservatives should be leading the charge for climate change action, says veteran British politician John Gummer.

NASA’s James Hansen on Perceptions of Climate Change  |  Climate Progress
The country’s leading climatologist has a fascinating analysis on “Perceptions of Climate Change:  Can people recognize changing climate?”  Hansen had predicted as part of his famous 1988 testimony “that the perceptive person would notice that climate was changing by the early 21st century.” 

Google Takes on Climate Skeptics with New Technology Effort  |  Solve Climate
Climate change skeptics who have created a political megaphone in Washington may finally meet their match in the world's largest search engine.  Google.org, the technology giant's philanthropic arm, has hand-picked a team of 21 fellows working in climate research to improve the way the science of global warming is communicated to the public and lawmakers through new media.

Science is good.  Media is bad. The situation, worse   |  The Age
Australian government adviser Ross Garnaut criticised media treatment of climate change, suggesting it has undermined support for action by giving equal weight to mainstream peer-reviewed science and sceptical views not backed by published evidence.

How not to change a climate sceptic's mind  |  New Scientist
How do you get your point across over an issue as contentious as climate change? As a hearing in the US Congress last week showed, the evidence alone is not enough.

Consequences of ‘He said, She said’ journalism  |  DeSmogBlog
A new study (PDF) published in the Journal of Communication, would appear to break new ground--by actually examining the psychological effect that “he said, she said” or “passive” journalism has on readers, and in particular, on their views of whether it's possible to discern the truth. 

Potty Training Christopher Monckton  |  Greenfyre

In a field (ie climate change denial) where raving silliness and blatant fraud are the stock in trade it would be difficult to pick a King of the Dungheap, but I submit that if one looks at the difference between outrageous, egregious ridiculousness and perceived credibility by the Denialosphere and some popular media, then Monkton is a clear frontrunner if not outright winner. 

Flooding homes - not polar bears – shapes climate perspective  |  London Telegraph
People do not care about global warming until it happens on their doorstep, a survey has found.

Hold the doom and gloom on climate  |  Mother Jones
Is all the mounting evidence that humans are warming the planet only making us less likely to take action? That's the conclusion of a new study by two University of California-Berkeley researchers, "Apocalypse Soon? Dire Messages Reduce Belief in Global Warming by Contradicting Just World Views."

Study: Why fear-based climate communication might backfire  |  Big Think
Research suggests that many political leaders, environmentalists, and scientists--by focusing narrowly on the risks of climate change-- may unintentionally trigger disbelief, skepticism, or decreased concern among audiences.

Climate Targets

The awful arithmetic of global warming  |  Climate Spectator

Ross Garnaut says the IPCC's 2007 scientific findings quite probably underestimate the risks and rates of rising global temperatures, and there may be a case for more ambitious reduction targets. 

Where are we headed?  |  Climate Code Red
How much will our climate warm with the current levels of commitment to action by governments? The scoreboard from Climate Interactive tracks all the firm mitigation commitments from governments around the world, and then compares the result with both "business as usual" (no action) and a 1.5C goal.

NASA’s James Hansen: Can people recognize changing climate?  |  Climate Progress 
The country’s leading climatologist has a fascinating analysis on “Perceptions of Climate Change:  Can people recognize changing climate?”  Hansen had predicted as part of his famous 1988 testimony “that the perceptive person would notice that climate was changing by the early 21st century.” 

A new NASA-funded study has revealed widespread reductions in the greenness of the forests in the vast Amazon basin in South America caused by the record-breaking drought of 2010.

Climate Science

Yearly maximum Arctic sea ice extent tied with satellite record low  |  ClimateProgress
On March 7, 2011, Arctic sea ice likely reached its maximum extent for the year, at 14.64 million square kilometers (5.65 million square miles). The maximum extent was 1.2 million square kilometers (463,000 square miles) below the 1979 to 2000 average of 15.86 million square kilometers (6.12 million square miles), and equal (within 0.1%) to 2006 for the lowest maximum extent in the satellite record.

NOAA, NASA, HadCRU global temperature analysis confirmed  |  Climate Progress
Climatologist Ken Caldeira:  “I have seen a copy of the Berkeley group’s draft paper, which of course would be expected to be revised before submission. Their preliminary results sit right within the results of NOAA, NASA, and HadCRU, confirming that prior analyses were correct in every way that matters. Their results confirm the reality of global warming and support in all essential respects the historical temperature analyses of the NOAA, NASA, and HadCRU.”

Berkeley climate data review puts them at center of debate  |  LA Times
The head of the study, a longtime critic of the global warming consensus, will testify before a House panel. Leading climate scientists worry that the project, funded in part by an oil billionaire's foundation, has an agenda.

The 8,000-year-old climate puzzle  |  Nature
Scientists have come up with new evidence in support of the controversial idea that humanity's influence on climate began not during the industrial revolution, but thousands of years ago. It has been repeatedly panned as implausible, but palaeoclimate researchers say that they now have the data to support early anthropogenic climate change.

New worries associated with rising CO2 levels  |  Chemical & Engineering News
Plant growth accelerates in response to high levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. But new research reports a downside to this faster growth: Plants absorb more toxic metals from the soil when atmospheric CO2 levels are high.

Climate Consequences

Life in a four degree world  |  Climate Spectator
The world has made a political commitment to limit the extent of global warming to 2°C, but the current path of emission trajectories – and even the pledges made at the last climate change talks in Cancun – will take the world well beyond that.

Polar ice mass loss increases point to 1 foot sea level rise by 2050  |   Climate Progress
The Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets are losing mass at an accelerating pace, according to a new NASA-funded satellite study. The findings of the study — the longest to date of changes in polar ice sheet mass — suggest these ice sheets are overtaking ice loss from Earth’s mountain glaciers and ice caps to become the dominant contributor to global sea level rise, much sooner than model forecasts have predicted.

Biodiversity's ills not all down to climate change  |  Nature
Climate change is affecting the world in many ways. But attempts to directly link local changes in species distribution and biodiversity to climate warming hold little promise, ecologists warn.

Multitude of Species Face Climate Threat |  NY Times
“Biodiversity is under severe threat from climate change, but we need to be careful that we don’t give a false impression of what our confidence is,” said Dr. Pearson. “We have to give a nuanced sense of what we do know and what we can say with confidence.”

Arctice Ozone

First North Pole ozone hole forming?  |  National Geographic News
Spawned by strangely cold temperatures, "beautiful" clouds helped strip the Arctic atmosphere of most of its protective ozone this winter, new research shows. The resulting zone of low-ozone air could drift as far south as New York, according to experts who warn of increased skin-cancer risk.

Ocean Acidification

Acid Sea  |  National Geographic
The carbon dioxide we pump into the air is seeping into the oceans and slowly acidifying them. One hundred years from now, will oysters, mussels, and coral reefs survive?

Earth's acid test  |  Nature
The acidity of sea water has climbed by 30% over the past 150 years, and some regions have already become corrosive enough to inhibit the growth of corals and other species for part of the year. According to projections, most creatures with calcium carbonate shells, such as mussels and snails, could run into problems within a few decades. By the end of this century, the acidification could even impede the growth of important groups of plankton, thus endangering entire marine ecosystems, from fisheries to coral reefs.

Forests

Think tank urges preservation of Canada's boreal forest   |  Toronto Globe & Mail

An American research centre says Canada’s boreal forest provides hundreds of billions of dollars of value every year, mostly by sucking up greenhouse gas emissions, and its preservation must become a global priority.

Shift in boreal forest has wide impact  |  Daily Climate
Boreal forests across the Northern hemisphere are undergoing rapid, transformative shifts as a result of a warming climate that, in some cases, is triggering feedback loops producing even more regional warming, according to several new studies.

Warming creates more warming in the Boreal Forest  |  Climate Progress
Russia’s boreal forest – the largest continuous expanse of forest in the world, found in the country’s cold northern regions – is undergoing an accelerating large-scale shift in vegetation types as a result of globally and regionally warming climate. That in turn is creating an even warmer climate in the region, according to a new study….

Stabilizing Atmospheric CO2

Climate study validates protective & proactive action  |  Climate Progress
Sandi Labs Study:  The methods of this study reveal how compelling risk derives from uncertainty, not certainty. The greater the uncertainty, the greater the risk. It is the uncertainty associated with climate change that validates the need to act protectively and proactively.

Stabilizing CO2 levels is tough.  Not stabilizing them is tougher   |  Climate Progress
The reasons we must be far more ambitious in politics and policy and clean technology deployment are the increasing evidence of accelerated carbon-cycle feedbacks and the dire warnings from the scientific community about the dangers of unrestricted greenhouse gas emissions.  Yet, most new climate science remains either under-reported or mis-reported by most of the traditional media and blogosphere.  And, like CO2 concentrations, the rate of growth (of important science articles) is growing faster as the reality of human-caused climate changes grows — and it’s growing faster than ClimateProgress can cover thoroughly.  At the same time, climate politics and the disinformers and media miscoverage and clean energy solutions and nuclear power and natural gas and peak oil and on and on … also demand attention.

What to do?  Well, I hope to be hiring someone soon to help cover some of these issues.  Also, I have a plan to expand coverage of climate science.  Joe Romm @ Climate Progress

Poor countries pledge to help curb climate change  |  Times of India
 Mongolia. says it will erect solar power plants in the frigid Gobi desert. The Central African Republic says it will expand its forests to cover a quarter of its territory. Mexico promises to slash carbon emissions by 30 percent by the end of the decade.  The pledges are voluntary, and many countries made them conditional on financial and technical help from the industrial world.

The Collapse of the Old Oil Order  |  TomDispatch
How the Petroleum Age Will End

Time to grasp the green future  |  London Daily Telegraph
Since he published the Stern Review in 2006, which warned of the severe future cost of global warming, Sir Nicholas Stern has witnessed a transformation in attitudes to climate change across the world. He says big companies have risen to the challenge, but clear government policy is needed for further progress.

Nonprofits examine climate-change roles   |  Seattle Times
Last year the Global Greengrants Fund added a new category to its budget: climate disasters. The nonprofit, which focuses on environmental issues, acknowledged that the increasing severity of earthquakes, hurricanes and other related disasters needs more attention and funding.

Peace & Security

'Hydro-diplomacy' needed to avert Arab water wars  |  Trust.org
The United Nations should promote "hydro-diplomacy" to defuse any tensions over water in regions like the Middle East and North Africa where scarce supplies have the potential to spark future conflicts, experts said on Sunday.

Climate Books

Carbon Zero: A Short Tour of Your City's Future   |  Kickstarter.com
Alex Steffen wants you to help him create a book on climate solutions for cities (click here to help kick-start this effort).  Take action b4 Earth Day 2011.

New Book:  How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse  |  CSIRO
A new book by Lester Brown, Earth Policy Institute

Climate Solutions

A green city rises up in Sydney   |  NY Times
When finished, Sydney’s Central Park, a $2 billion project, will have 11 buildings that will be so energy efficient they will be able to export electricity to neighboring areas, according to the developer. The rooftops will turn rain into drinking water. The toilets will recycle sewage into usable water.

Climate Science + Faith

Science and faith intersect over climate change  |  Providence Journal
Brother Michael McKenery, president of La Salle Academy, welcomed people to Thursday night’s panel discussion about climate change, saying the Catholic school tries to teach its students by example.

Nuclear Crisis – Japan and Beyond

Five Lessons from a Month in Hell  | Post Carbon Institute
1. Mother Nature and human nature can't be contained.
2. We must prepare for business unusual.
3. Resilience is not just a quaint concept.
4. It’s a small world after all.
5. An addiction is an addiction is an addiction.

Japan's complex megadisaster offers scary glimpse of future  |  MNN
The crisis in Japan could be considered the first "complex megadisaster" the world has ever seen — a potent combination of natural and technological calamities that might become more common in the future.

Analysis:  World to warm if Japan panic spreads  |  Trust.org
Global warming will intensify if leading carbon emitter China drops the world's most ambitious nuclear power building program and Germany shuts down its nuclear plants amid panic over Japan's atomic energy crisis.

Fukushima nuclear accident: Simple and accurate explanation  |  Energy Collective
The plants at Fukushima are Boiling Water Reactors (BWR for short). A BWR produces electricity by boiling water, and spinning a turbine with that steam. The nuclear fuel heats water, the water boils and creates steam, the steam then drives turbines that create the electricity, and the steam is then cooled and condensed back to water, and the water returns to be heated by the nuclear fuel. The reactor operates at about 285 °C.

Is that a banana in your pocket, or are you radioactive?  |  Energy Collective
A banana equivalent dose (or BED) is a concept   to place in scale the dangers of radiation by comparing exposures to the radiation generated by a common banana.

How Japan should impact the US nuclear debate  |  Energy Collective
Perhaps because of our energy infrastructure’s ubiquity, disasters like these are bound to happen, but nuclear accidents are the ones that seem to rattle public confidence most profoundly. It is important to understand such disasters in the proper context in order to learn from mistakes and not unduly handicap any options in the critical quest for cleaner energy.

Japan’s Earthquake-Tsunami-Radiation Disaster Worsens  |  The Climate Post
March 17, 2011  |  Last Friday, Japan was rocked by a magnitude 9.0 quake—its most powerful earthquake on record, and the strongest anywhere in the world in the past 140 years—with its epicenter off the coast, creating a 30-foot-high tsunami that swallowed up whole towns and killed more than 5,000 people. The tsunami waves knocked out the cooling systems at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in northern Japan, creating a nuclear disaster that has worsened over the days since the natural disaster struck.

Two of the six reactors in the complex appear to have suffered partial meltdowns, releasing large amounts of radioactivity. This makes the disaster far worse than the Three Mile Island accident in Pennsylvania in 1979, but not as bad as Chernobyl in 1986.

In this nuclear world, what is the meaning of 'safe'?  |   Bulletin of Atomic Scientists
How today's governments and nuclear industry educate the public on the health effects related to radiation exposure is not dissimilar from the approaches used during the Cold War. Japan's nuclear disaster illustrates how a nation prioritizes security interests over the fundamental rights of people and their environment.  In a nuclear world, nations must learn how to respond, adjust, and adapt to the associated hazards and health risks.

Concerns over nuclear energy are legitimate  |  Nature News
Reassurances from 'experts' on the safety of nuclear power will not wash, says Colin Macilwain. The Fukushima crisis raises genuine questions.

Complexity + Complacency = Calamity  |  DOT Earth
Climate scientist and engineer Michael Schlesinger: “The out-of-control status of the 6 Fukushima nuclear reactors and their stored spent fuel rods is a textbook example of “Don’t Know Squared – It’s What You Don’t Know You Don’t Know” that can bring down any system designed by humanity.”

Vietnam to go ahead with nuclear energy plans  |  GlobalPost
In the wake of Japan’s nuclear disaster, Vietnam has quietly confirmed its plans to build a nuclear reactor by 2020. Vietnam plans to have eight operational nuclear reactors in the next 20 years, with Japanese and Russian assistance.

Japan Disaster May Affect India’s Import of Nuclear Reactors  |  Solve Climate
NEW DELHI—India's ambitious plans to quadruple its nuclear output by 2020, from the current 4,650 megawatts to 20,000 megawatts, may have taken a hit from the Fukushima Daiichi disaster. 

China nuclear: Japan tsunami won't stop Beijing  |  GlobalPost
China has put the brakes on its nuclear power drive for safety checks in the wake of Japan’s earthquake-and-tsunami-driven nuclear crisis, but there’s little chance of Beijing turning its back on nuclear power for good.

Fear's price tag: The high price of Merkel's nuclear about-face  |  Der Spiegel
Chancellor Angela Merkel's decision to temporarily shut down seven nuclear reactors could cost the industry more than a half-billion euros and result in Germany not meeting its CO2 emission reduction goals. The rest of the world is taking a wait-and-see approach.

Climate change creates flood risks for U.S. nuclear reactor safety  |  Climate Progress
A couple weeks ago, I asked how many U.S. nuclear plants are vulnerable to a tsunami and/or a 100-year flood? Here a very initial treatment of the flood vulnerability issue.

New designs for nuclear plants seek to generate trust  |  Kansas City Star
As debate rages about the future of nuclear energy, a new generation of safer nuclear plants is coming on line now. They have a so-called passive backup cooling system that would keep reactors safe if electricity were cut off.

Earthquake risk at TVA nuclear plants upgraded  |  The Tennessean
New seismic information shows that the risk of earthquakes damaging many of the country's nuclear plants — including TVA's — is higher than had once been estimated. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission says that the shift is incremental and that all of the nation's plants remain safe despite the new data.

Sea-level rise brings added risks to coastal nuclear plants   |  Climate Central
In many parts of the world, including the United States, nuclear reactors are located near the ocean, due to their requirement for abundant supplies of water for cooling purposes. And while tsunamis aren’t a threat everywhere, the sea can pose other challenges.

Undeterred by fallout fears, US and Chile sign nuclear accord  |  NY Times
With fears of radiation spreading in Japan after the devastating earthquake there, Chile and the United States signed an accord on Friday intended to help Chile develop a nuclear energy program.

Asia

Refugees of climate change  |  Karachi News International
Fishermen, farmers and herdsmen who once led prosperous lives in the flood-prone district of Thatta are now being forced to scramble from village to village to avoid natural disasters. These people, according to experts, are "refugees of climate change."

Red China turns green  |  Dublin Irish Times
China's new five-year plan is probably the greenest in its history. The blueprint document aims to reduce the blind rush for economic growth at any cost and to introduce greater consideration for environmental concerns and better use of natural resources.

Dalai Lama in warning over Tibet glaciers   |  Edinburgh Scotsman
The Dalai Lama has voiced concerns that the glaciers of Tibet are retreating faster than those in any other part of the world. The Tibetan spiritual leader called for special attention to be paid to ecology in Tibet, adding "it's something very, very essential."

Europe

Is Environmentalism Really Working?  |  Der Spiegel
Germany is among the world leaders when it comes to taking steps to save the environment. But many of the measures are not delivering the promised results.

Victorious Greens:  Two state elections upturn German politics  |  The Economist
In Baden-Württemberg 58 years of government by the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) came to an end. The Greens will now take control of a state government for the first time.

World's first tidal energy farm to be built off Islay  |  Edinburgh Scotsman
The world's first tidal power project is to be built in the Sound of Islay, after approval was given by the Scottish Government. The ten-turbine, 10MW facility will further develop emerging tidal energy technology and is seen as a forerunner for much larger projects in the Pentland Firth.

Wind power cheaper than nuclear, says EU climate chief  |  London Guardian
Connie Hedegaard says declining cost of offshore wind energy makes it genuine alternative to crisis-hit nuclear industry.

UK greenhouse gas emissions rise  |  London Guardian
Cold winter leads to 2.8% rise in greenhouse gas emissions in 2010, figures show

North America

Ottawa fights EU's dirty fuel label on oil sands  |  Toronto Globe & Mail
The Conservative government has been lobbying furiously to prevent the European Union from carrying out their plans to slap a dirty fuel label on Canada’s oil sands, a move that would increase political pressure on Europe’s major oil companies to curb their investments in the Alberta projects.

Canada getting warmer, temperature trends show  |  Toronto Sun
Temperatures in Canada are getting warmer, particularly in the North, just as climate change models predicted.

British Columbia survives 3 years and carbon taxes  |  NY Times
As it nears its third anniversary, British Columbia's carbon tax is loved by some, hated by others, and yet forgotten by many Canadians.  

Environment is big in BC where Green party seeks victory |  Vancouver Sun
A recent survey found only 15 per cent of Canadians wanted the environment to be the primary focus of the budget. But things could be different in B.C., where there's no shortage of federal environmental issues, including salmon, oil tankers, climate change.

Can Mexico lead the way in proving carbon cuts?  |  Scientific American
Mexico has begun a program to make its climate actions more transparent, a move it hopes will raise its credibility in the international community. If the plan works, it will prove a useful case for developing countries that know they need bulletproof data to draw respect, and cash, in global climate talks.

Mexican Brick-making industry confronts its climate impacts   |  Global Issues
The 20,000 brickmakers in Mexico barely make a living from their work – and, in the view of Mexico's Secretariat of Environment, they over-exploit natural resources, alter ecosystems and pollute the air and water with production waste.

Lowering the Price of Electricity from the Sun  |  Scientific American
The U.S. Department of Energy aims to make electricity from the sun cheaper than that from burning coal or natural gas

U.S. energy giant sets up shop in Alberta  |  Edmonton Journal
Koch Industries registers to lobby provincial government.   An American energy conglomerate owned by two powerful billionaire brothers who help fund the Tea Party and climate-change denial movements in the U.S. has registered to lobby the Alberta government.

Oceania

Australian Opposition Leader painted as climate denier  |  Sydney Morning Herald
The Australian Minister for Climate Change, Greg Combet, seized on recent comments by Mr Abbott as ''proof'' the Liberal Party's climate policy is based on ''the extreme view that climate change doesn't exist''.

Australian right plans ‘Tea Party’ on climate fears  | ABC Australia
Tony Abbott’s decision to fight the next election in Tea Party mode is taking the Liberal Party - and Australia - towards a new kind of politics.

Australian carbon tax supporters outnumber protestors  |  Sydney Morning Herald
Outside Prime Minister Julia Gillard's electorate office in Werribee on Saturday, 400 protesters gathered with Liberal Victorian senators Mitch Fifield and Scott Ryan to protest against the federal government's plan to put a price on carbon.  Meanwhile, at Treasury Place in Melbourne's CBD, an estimated 8,000 protesters gathered to support the prime minister's carbon tax plan and call for action on climate change.

Scientists find waves are getting bigger   |  Sydney Morning Herald
Ocean wind speeds and wave heights around the world have increased significantly over the past quarter of a century, according to Australian research that has given scientists their first global glimpse of the world's rising winds and waves.  Also, read about this at sciencemag.org.  

Africa

Uganda facing food crisis  |  Kampala Sunday Vision
Uganda may be unable to feed its people in the coming years because the population growth is not being matched by an increase in cultivated land. Climate change has been identified as a major contributor to falling food supply.

Uganda to boost clean energy capacity  with solar cookers  |  Nairobi East African
Uganda is set to start manufacturing solar-powered cookers, to be marketed across East Africa, as the country seeks to boost its energy capacity and reduce over reliance on timber and charcoal.

Africa needs climate data to fight disease  | Nature (article for purchase)
Many of Africa's most important cities are on the coast and at risk of sea level rise. Without adequate infrastructure they are vulnerable to poor sanitation during floods and shortages of drinking water and loss of hydroelectric power during droughts. Climate data is not readily available, so is rarely used in development decisions.

Droughts to worsen in E. Africa, with implications for U.S. food aid   |  SolveClimate
Rising global temperatures could trigger more extreme drought conditions in the coming decades in East Africa, U.S. researchers have concluded. Their findings contradict earlier research from a United Nations science panel and could have far-reaching consequences for American food aid.

South African business faces climate threat   |  Cape Town News24
An expert has warned that climate change presents challenges for companies in the way they do business and how they respond to the environment.

West Africa explores ways to mitigate climate change's effects  |  Voice of America
From eroding coastline to depleted fish stocks, the effects of climate change are being felt along West Africa's coast – and governments and environmental groups are coming together to talk about what can be done to mitigate its impact.

South America

In the shadow of a melting glacier  |   Nature
The people living beside the Colonia River in the Aysén region of Chilean Patagonia are under constant threat of a sudden catastrophic flood sweeping down from the mountains above them. The region has experienced an unprecedented seven events called glacial-lake outburst floods since April 2008.

Satellites detect extensive drought Impact on Amazon |  ScienceDaily
A new NASA-funded study has revealed widespread reductions in the greenness of the forests in the vast Amazon basin in South America caused by the record-breaking drought of 2010.

Pity Chevron for Ecuadorean verdict costing company $18 Billion?  |  DeSmogBlog
New documents uncovered in the ongoing legal battle over Chevron/Texaco’s destruction of the Ecuadorian rainforest show that, while Chevron recently labeled the guilty verdict and $18 billion fine leveled against its Texaco unit by an Ecuadorian court as “illegitimate and unenforceable,” it was in fact the oil company that lobbied fiercely to have the case moved out of U.S. courts to the Ecuadorian justice system. 

Chevron case highlights difficulty of making oil companies pay for spills  |  SolveClimate
The case is especially complex — it marks the first time a U.S. oil giant was held accountable in a foreign court for pollution overseas. But it raises a fundamental question about all court orders forcing energy companies to pay for spill cleanup and damages: Are they working?

Carbon Counting

What does it cost in carbon?  |  Toronto Star
A bit obsessively, a British climate change expert has calculated the carbon footprint of just about everything. For a text message, it’s .014 grams; a quarter-pound cheeseburger, 2.5 kilograms; a heart bypass operation, 1.1 tonnes.

 

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

An updated, full edition is available at: The CO2Now Climate Sheet.     

The following data and targets are current as of  April 6, 2011:

0 tonnes

CO2 Emissions Target

Global CO2 emissions for long-term stabilization of atmospheric CO2

“Stabilizing atmospheric CO2 and climate requires that
net CO2 emissions approach zero”                    

 

 0 w/m 2
watts per square meter

CO2 Emissions Target

Global energy balance  & the end of global warming

“Stabilizing climate requires, to first order, that we restore Earth’s energy balance.
If the planet once again radiates as much energy to space as it absorbs from the sun,
there no longer will be a drive causing the planet to get warmer.” 

 

 0.25 - 0.75 w/m 2

Global energy imbalance from rising atmospheric CO2  |  1750 - 2000

 

2.00 ppm per year
parts per million

Atmospheric CO2  |  Average Annual Rise  |  March 2002 - 2011

March Data Only   The rate of increase for the latest decade is higher than any decade since the start of the atmospheric CO2 instrument record in March 1958.   

 8.07 pH

Ocean Acidification:  Average pH of Surface Oceans  |  2005

Average pH of surface oceans has declined about 0.1 units since before the industrial revolution.  This is an increase of about 30% in the concentration of hydrogen ions which is a considerable acidification of the oceans. 

“…world leaders should take account of the impact of CO2 on ocean chemistry,
as well as on climate change…we recommend that all possible approaches
be considered to prevent CO2 reaching the atmosphere.”

 12.1 °C

100-Year Average Global Surface Temperature  |  February 1901 - 2000

 12.5 °C

Average Global Surface Temperature  |  February 2011

February 2011 is tied as the 17th warmest February on record (since 1880).  February 1998 is the warmest on record.  

Preliminary data reported March 17, 2011 by NOAA-NCDC.  

 172 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Lowest level in 2.1 million years

 194 countries

Target of Most National Governments

Signatories to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

The United Nation's ultimate climate objective “is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.” 

 280 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Pre-Industrial Revolution

Atmospheric CO2 was stable at about 280 ppm for almost 10,000 years until 1750.

 300 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Highest level in at least 2.1 million years (pre-industrial)

Circa 1912, atmospheric CO2 levels breached the 300 ppm threshold for the first time in at least 2.1 million years.

 350 ppm

Atmospheric CO2 Target for Humanity

Atmospheric CO2  |  Upper Safety Limit

“If humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed and to which life on Earth is adapted, paleoclimate evidence and ongoing climate change suggest that CO2 will need to be reduced from its current 385 ppm to at most 350 ppm, but likely less than that… If the present overshoot of this target CO2 is not brief, there is a possibility of seeding irreversible catastrophic effects.”

 391.01 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  March 2010  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Data posted by NOAA-ESRL as of April 6, 2011.

392.40 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  March 2011  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Preliminary data reported April 6, 2011 by NOAA-ESRL

805 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Projection for Year 2100

This scientific projection, based on an analysis on March 4, 2011, accounts for the voluntary emissions reductions pledges of parties to the UNFCCC since the Copenhagen climate talks.  The projected CO2 level represents a global temperature increase of about 4 °C.  

6,909,318,762

World Population | April 1, 2011

More than 6.9 billion people are living on planet Earth. If humanity is to achieve a stabilization of atmospheric CO2 at safe levels, this is roughly the number of people who will need to be aligned with net CO2 emissions that approach zero. (See “0 tonnes” in The Climate Sheet.)

30.8 billion
metric tonnes

Humanity's Global CO2 Emissions  |  2009

2009 global CO2 emissions were the second highest in human history.   Global fossil fuel emissions – more than 88% of all carbon emissions – are projected to increase by more than 3% in 2010.   In the past decade, 47% of CO2 emissions accumulated in the atmosphere, 27% were absorbed by land and 26% were absorbed by the ocean.  The 2009 data was published November 21, 2010


See the Full Edition of The CO2Now Climate Sheet

  

 

About @mospheric Post

@mospheric Post is an independent, volunteer-driven publication that is produced in Canada by Pro Oxygen, the maker of CO2Now.org. Pro Oxygen distributes @mospheric Post as a free information service for the advancement of climate literacy . . . starting with awareness of atmospheric CO2 and what it means.

Twice a month, @mospheric Post delivers the global numbers earthwide – straight from the atmosphere and virtually in real time. It also gives you access to the latest targets, reports and stories about our world, from around the world. Consider it your online source for getting the straight goods and the big picture on humanity's main environmental challenges.

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@mospheric Post | Mar 17 2011 PDF Print E-mail

Earth's CO2 Newsletter

@mospheric Post is produced twice monthly by Pro Oxygen and distributed earthwide by CO2Now.org 


March 17, 2011
   
Year 2  |  Edition 6


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In this edition of @mospheric Post . . .

The Latest Climate Numbers 

Just released: 
    *  Global temperature chart for February 2011
    *  Global temperature data for February 2011

Carbon Media 

  *  CARBON MEDIA SPOTLIGHT:  EU Negotiates Humanity's CO2 Future |  350.org
  *  25 recent articles, papers and reports  From around the world.  About our world.

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief' 

  *  17 leading measurements, benchmarks and targets for Earth's global climate.  All in one place.   
  *   Click here to see the Full Edition of the CO2Now Climate Sheet. 

About @mospheric Post


The Latest Climate Numbers

Global temperature data in this publication was released March 17, 2011 by the
NOAA National Climatic Data Center.   Data for time periods within the past year are preliminary.

Global Temperature Chart: February 2011

 

Global Temperature Synopsis


Global Surface Temperature  |  February

February 1880 - February 2011 

 



February



2011 


Warmest or
Since


(Next Warmest)1880
 

 

Temperature
Anomoly 

Rank
(132 Years) 


Date 

Temperature
Anomoly
 

Global 

+0.40 °C 

17th Warmest 

February 1998 

+0.83 °C  

Global Ocean 

+0.36 °C  

10th Warmest 

February 1998 

+0.56 °C 

Global Land 

+0.51 °C  

28th Warmest 

February 2002 

+1.60 °C  

 

Source

NOAA NCDC  |  February 2011 Global Temperature Data & Climate Analysis 

NOAA NCDC  |  Data for global land and ocean surface temperature anomalies since 1880

 

More CO2Now Temperature Info 

CO2Now  |  Global Temperature Update 


Carbon Media -- Spotlight

EU Negotiates Humanity's CO2 Future 

EU €60 million bribe for Pacific Island nations to drop 350 ppm target?  |  350.org

The London Guardian reported that Pacific island states on the frontline of climate change are to receive €90m (£76m) in EU cash for climate-related projects in return for siding with the European bloc at UN climate negotiations. An organizer at 350.org comments on how the shuffle of a small sum of money for countries already backed into a corner is forcing compromise to support targets 100 ppm above atmospheric levels that scientists consider safe. 

 

Carbon Media

Recent articles, papers and reports.
F
rom around the world.
A
bout our world.

Solutions

Green bets on black swans  |  The Economist
Vinod Khosla has a different plan to save the planet. He is investing over $1 billion of his clients’ money in “black swans”—ideas with the potential for sudden jumps in technology that promise huge environmental benefits, easy scalability and rapid payback. The catch? Mr Khosla expects nine out of ten of his investments to fail.

Group seeks forest restoration to cleanse planet  |  Sina
A non-profit organization called Archangel Ancient Tree Archive is rushing to collect genetic material and replant clones to restore the world's ancient forests and put them to work cleansing the environment and absorbing carbon dioxide, the greenhouse gas largely responsible for global warming.

Greenlight for new automotive refrigerant  | Chemical & Engineering News
The Environmental Protection Agency on Feb. 28 gave a green light to an alternative automotive air conditioning refrigerant, hydrofluoroolefin-1234yf (HFO 1234yf). The compound in current widespread use, hydrofluorocarbon134a (HFC-134a), has a much higher global warming potential, the agency says.

Adaptation

USDA Experiments to Help Farmers with Warming Climate  |  Solve Climate
Scientists are hanging heaters over crop fields to simulate temperatures in 2050. Their goal: to understand climate impacts on food and help farmers adapt.

Nuclear Energy Crisis

Accident triggers nuclear power debate in Germany   |  Der Spiegel
The nuclear accident in Japan has sparked a discussion about atomic power in Germany, where a massive anti-nuclear protest was already planned for Saturday. A senior Green Party politician has said that some German plants are vulnerable to the same kind of failure as happened at Fukushima 1.

Affordable, safe and clean energy plan without nuclear  |  Climate Progress
Nuclear power wasn’t going anywhere in this country before the earthquake and tsunami.  The unfolding tragedy in Japan only increases the likelihood that we won’t be building lots of new nukes by 2030. But we still must sharply reduce utility greenhouse gas emissions. Energy economics expert Craig Severance offers his detailed strategy in this repost from Energy Economy Online.

Japan's horror reveals how thin is the edge we live on  |  Guardian
Bill McKibben:  Climate change may not be responsible for the tsunami, but it is shrinking our margin of safety. It is time to shrink back ourselves

Climate Communications

RADIO: Can a Hollywood producer inspire on climate?  |  Living On Earth
A Hollywood producer is using his creative skills and contacts to try to convince the public that climate change is a problem. Marshall Herskovitz, whose credits include The Last Samurai and Legends of the Fall, said his new projects will urge Americans to dramatically reduce their energy use.

Carbon Management

Global carbon capture industry builds momentum  |  London Business Green
Twenty-one new carbon capture and storage projects got underway worldwide during 2010 despite soaring costs for the technology, a study released by Australia's Global CCS Institute today shows.

EU Climate Commissioner wins 25% carbon emissions cut  |  London Guardian
Europe's climate chief Connie Hedegaard has beaten off intense lobbying from businesses to secure a key victory in the battle over greenhouse gas targets.

EU maps ambitious path to low-carbon future. Now to walk it   |  The Economist
About half of Europe’s electricity comes from fossil fuels, with CO2 emissions as an unwanted by-product. So, Europe has set a goal of reducing emissions by 80-95% by 2050. But there is a big difference between drawing a map and actually following it.

Software helps reduce carbon footprints   |  North Shore News, Vancouver
The founders of a new carbon software company have set out to make it easy and affordable for small- to medium-sized businesses to take action on climate change.

According to Joe Kelly, co-founder of Gobi Carbon Management Solutions, organizations of all sizes are facing increased pressure to green their operations -- in terms of regulatory demands, as well as from consumers.

Why India might save the planet  |  Newsweek
If you had to name a most valuable player of December’s climate summit in Cancún, hands down the award would go to Jairam Ramesh. Ramesh brought the West and developing countries together by pointing at ways to ease access to green technology and suggesting an agreeable way to monitor progress in tamping down emissions.

China's five year plan |  Living On Earth
China's latest blueprint for the future has a distinctively green tinge. The People's Republic, already the world's second largest economy, is also the largest emitter of greenhouse gases. China's new five-year plan deals with both the environment and the economy.

China adopts 5-year blueprint for fairer, greener growth  |  Xinhua News
Chinese lawmakers overwhelmingly adopted a national plan to steer the world's second largest economy into a path of fairer and greener growth in the next five years.

Planetary Change

Warming in Taiwan twice the global average: Weather bureau  |  Focus Taiwan
The Central Weather Bureau released a stark report Wednesday on how climate change has affected Taiwan over the last century: Higher temperatures, greater rainfall and more typhoons over the last 30 years.

Soot hastens snowmelt on Tibetan Plateau   |  Science News
In high-elevation snowy regions, the warming effects of greenhouse gases pale in comparison to those triggered by soot, new computer calculations show. The finding could help explain the accelerating pace of melting on the Tibetan Plateau, which holds the world’s largest reservoir of ice outside of the polar regions.

Sea level rise due to melting to melting ice sheets  |  New Scientist
Greenland and Antarctica are losing ice at a faster and faster rate, according to a new study that has tracked the rate of melting in two independent ways. At this rate, melting ice sheets could dominate sea level rise in the 21st century.

Canada's Arctic, a hotspot for earthquakes  |  Nanatsiaq News
 In the aftermath of March 11’s devastating earthquake and tsunami in Japan, some are already asking if there’s a link between earthquakes and climate change.

Climate Knowledge

NASA satellite crash complicates gloomy climate budget picture  |  Science
Last week's failed Glory satellite mission doesn't just stymie scientists' efforts to maintain a 33-year record of the sun's brightness and discern the role of aerosol particles in the atmosphere. It's a blow to an already shaky and likely underfunded effort to revamp the troubled U.S. remote observation system.

JPL study shows scale of human-caused global warming  |   Pasadena Star-News
A recent NASA study designed to shed light on the relationship between movements in the Earth's core, its rotation and surface air temperatures highlights the drastic scale of human- induced warming, scientists say.

Scientists start new satellite-linked ocean research  |  Australia ABC News
Tasmanian scientists are using state-of-the-art GPS buoys to measure sea level rise. The buoys were deployed for the first time earlier this month about 30 kilometres off Bruny Island in Tasmania's south east.

Duelling Enviros

Why California enviros fight each other over climate law  |  New America Media
Last November, mainstream environmental groups and environmental justice groups joined forces to defeat a ballot measure that would have suspended California’s climate-change law. Now, the two sides are at odds—over the very same legislation they helped to save.

Climate + Gender

Climate change may hold a gender bias  |  Columbia Tribune, Missouri
Although it would seem as if the effects of a large-scale problem such as climate change would not harm one gender more than another, women in the developing world are bearing much of the burden, research suggests.

 

The CO2Now Climate Sheet 'In Brief'

The Full Edition is available at:
Current Edition:   The CO2Now Climate Sheet   
Current & Past Editions:  About The CO2Now Climate Sheet

0 tonnes

CO2 Emissions Target

Global CO2 emissions for long-term stabilization of atmospheric CO2

“Stabilizing atmospheric CO2 and climate requires that
net CO2 emissions approach zero”                    

 

 0 w/m 2
watts per square meter

CO2 Emissions Target

Global energy balance  & the end of global warming

“Stabilizing climate requires, to first order, that we restore Earth’s energy balance.
If the planet once again radiates as much energy to space as it absorbs from the sun,
there no longer will be a drive causing the planet to get warmer.” 

 

 0.25 - 0.75 w/m 2

Global energy imbalance from rising atmospheric CO2  |  1750 - 2000

 

2.07 ppm per year
parts per million

Atmospheric CO2  |  Average Annual Rise  |  January 2002 - 2011

January Data Only   The rate of increase for the latest decade is higher than any decade since the start of the atmospheric CO2 instrument record in March 1958.   

 8.07 pH

Ocean Acidification:  Average pH of Surface Oceans  |  2005

Average pH of surface oceans has declined about 0.1 units since before the industrial revolution.  This is an increase of about 30% in the concentration of hydrogen ions which is a considerable acidification of the oceans. 

“…world leaders should take account of the impact of CO2 on ocean chemistry,
as well as on climate change…we recommend that all possible approaches
be considered to prevent CO2 reaching the atmosphere.”

 12.1 °C

100-Year Average Global Surface Temperature  |  February 1901 - 2000

 12.5 °C

Average Global Surface Temperature  |  February 2011

February 2011 is the 17th warmest February on record (since 1880).  February 1998 is the warmest on record.  

Preliminary data reported March 17, 2011 by NOAA-NCDC.  

 172 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Lowest level in 2.1 million years

 194 countries

Target of Most National Governments

Signatories to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

The United Nation's ultimate climate objective “is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.” 

 280 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Pre-Industrial Revolution

Atmospheric CO2 was stable at about 280 ppm for almost 10,000 years until 1750.

 300 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Highest level in at least 2.1 million years (pre-industrial)

Circa 1912, atmospheric CO2 levels breached the 300 ppm threshold for the first time in at least 2.1 million years.

 350 ppm

Atmospheric CO2 Target for Humanity

Atmospheric CO2  |  Upper Safety Limit

“If humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed and to which life on Earth is adapted, paleoclimate evidence and ongoing climate change suggest that CO2 will need to be reduced from its current 385 ppm to at most 350 ppm, but likely less than that… If the present overshoot of this target CO2 is not brief, there is a possibility of seeding irreversible catastrophic effects.”

389.85 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  February 2010  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Data reported March 8, 2011 by NOAA-ESRL

391.76 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  February 2011  |  Mauna Loa Observatory

Preliminary data reported March 8, 2011 by NOAA-ESRL

805 ppm

Atmospheric CO2  |  Projection for Year 2100

This scientific projection, based on an analysis on March 4, 2011, accounts for the voluntary emissions reductions pledges of parties to the UNFCCC since the Copenhagen climate talks.  The projected CO2 level represents a global temperature increase of about 4 °C.  

 6,902,887,287

World Population | March 1, 2011

More than 6.9 billion people are living on planet Earth. If humanity is to achieve a stabilization of atmospheric CO2 at safe levels, this is roughly the number of people who will need to be aligned with net CO2 emissions that approach zero. (See “0 tonnes” in The Climate Sheet.)

30.8 billion
metric tonnes

Humanity's Global CO2 Emissions  |  2009

2009 global CO2 emissions were the second highest in human history.   Global fossil fuel emissions – more than 88% of all carbon emissions – are projected to increase by more than 3% in 2010.   In the past decade, 47% of CO2 emissions accumulated in the atmosphere, 27% were absorbed by land and 26% were absorbed by the ocean.  The 2009 data was published November 21, 2010


See the Full Edition of The CO2Now Climate Sheet

  

 

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@mospheric Post is an independent, volunteer-driven publication that is produced in Canada by Pro Oxygen, the maker of CO2Now.org. Pro Oxygen distributes @mospheric Post as a free information service for the advancement of climate literacy . . . starting with awareness of atmospheric CO2 and what it means.

Twice a month, @mospheric Post delivers the global numbers earthwide – straight from the atmosphere and virtually in real time. It also gives you access to the latest targets, reports and stories about our world, from around the world. Consider it your online source for getting the straight goods and the big picture on humanity's main environmental challenges.

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